How newly discovered bacteria can help our ecosystem?

 

Clean and green environments provide benefits for all who inhabit planet Earth. We all share the same ecosystem around the globe and we also share all the contaminants that we have discarded into our environment.

A team of scientists in Japan, led by Shosuke Yoshida of Kyoto University, has recently discovered a species of bacteria that can degrade a plastic called PET.

Researchers have recently learned that there is a bacterium that eats and digests polyethylene terephthalate plastic also known as “Pet Plastics.” These Pet Plastics are not domesticated and are destroying our Earth. Scientists have determined that the plastic eating bacteria will benefit our ecosystem.

Using the newly identified bacteria, the team almost completely degraded a PET film in just six weeks.

The bacteria’s proper identity is Ideonella Sakainesis and may be the bacteria that will rid us of various plastics that are cast off into our soils and oceans. Plastic materials pollute the lands with chemicals that run off into drinking waters. Plastics that are discarded into ocean waters destroy aquatic life and wash up onto seashores instead of seashells. Scientists have identified that Ideonella Sakainellasis has two enzymes to eat the unwanted leftover plastic materials.

The first enzyme generates a chemical which the second enzyme utilizes and transforms plastic into carbon and energy. The process requires a temperature of around 30 degrees Celsius, which converts to 86 degrees Fahrenheit and also is a lengthy process.

This investigation has opened the possibility for a viable remediation strategy for PET. Through further research and development, we could have bacteria that efficiently clean up PET waste.

This may sound too hot to handle however scientists are researching a faster process with hopes to feast upon and dispose pollution from the world. Our ecosystem needs a discovery for a sustainable future!

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